千亿体育

全國一體化大數據中心協同創新體系: 總體框架與戰略價值
來源:千亿体育 作者: 發布時間: 2021-06-11

摘(zhai) 要: 黨中(zhong)央、國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)務(wu)院高度(du)重視(shi)數(shu)字經濟高質量發(fa)展,明確提(ti)出(chu)(chu)推動建(jian)設(she)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)的國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家大數(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)心(xin)(xin),加快新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型基礎設(she)施建(jian)設(she)布局(ju)。從(cong)構建(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)大數(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)心(xin)(xin)協(xie)同(tong)創(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)體(ti)系的政策(ce)背景和國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)內外研究現(xian)狀出(chu)(chu)發(fa),深度(du)剖析(xi)(xi)了制約我國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)大數(shu)據(ju)協(xie)同(tong)創(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)發(fa)展面(mian)臨的數(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)心(xin)(xin)布局(ju)、算力資源結構、數(shu)據(ju)流通(tong)融合、數(shu)據(ju)應用(yong)創(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)和數(shu)據(ju)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)防護等(deng)五大瓶頸性問題,從(cong)“數(shu)網”“數(shu)樞(shu)”“數(shu)鏈”“數(shu)腦”“數(shu)盾(dun)”五個方面(mian)解析(xi)(xi)了全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)大數(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)心(xin)(xin)協(xie)同(tong)創(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)體(ti)系總(zong)體(ti)框架,基于“聚焦(jiao)一(yi)條主線(xian)、把握(wo)兩大定位、實現(xian)三個一(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)”視(shi)角,闡述了全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)大數(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)心(xin)(xin)協(xie)同(tong)創(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)體(ti)系的戰略價值,以期對促進新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)型基礎設(she)施高質量發(fa)展、深化(hua)(hua)大數(shu)據(ju)協(xie)同(tong)創(chuang)新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)提(ti)供有益參考(kao)。

一、引言

黨中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央、國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)務(wu)(wu)院(yuan)高度(du)(du)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)視數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)已成為(wei)(wei)打造(zao)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)新(xin)(xin)高地、應對國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)際激烈競(jing)爭、搶抓戰(zhan)(zhan)略(lve)制高點(dian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)手(shou)段。自黨的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)十(shi)(shi)八大(da)(da)(da)(da)以(yi)來,以(yi)習(xi)(xi)(xi)近(jin)(jin)平(ping)(ping)同(tong)志為(wei)(wei)核心(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)黨中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央明確指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)出(chu),大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)是(shi)信息(xi)(xi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)階段,將(jiang)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)提(ti)(ti)升到(dao)前所未有(you)(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)戰(zhan)(zhan)略(lve)高度(du)(du)。社(she)會(hui)(hui)各(ge)界高度(du)(du)關(guan)注、積極(ji)參與(yu),大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)事業(ye)呈現(xian)加(jia)(jia)速發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)良好態勢,然而(er),與(yu)完(wan)善國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)治理(li)(li)(li)(li)體(ti)系(xi)和(he)(he)治理(li)(li)(li)(li)能(neng)力現(xian)代化(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)目標相比(bi),還(huan)存在明顯差距。按照問題導向、頂(ding)層統籌、政(zheng)(zheng)企(qi)協(xie)同(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)思路(lu),建(jian)(jian)(jian)立完(wan)善適應國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)治理(li)(li)(li)(li)現(xian)代化(hua)(hua)(hua)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)求的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)協(xie)同(tong)創新(xin)(xin)體(ti)系(xi),對構建(jian)(jian)(jian)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)時(shi)代的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)型基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)具有(you)(you)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)戰(zhan)(zhan)略(lve)價值和(he)(he)現(xian)實(shi)意(yi)義(yi)。隨(sui)著重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)視程(cheng)度(du)(du)不(bu)斷提(ti)(ti)升,國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)有(you)(you)關(guan)部門持(chi)續發力、多(duo)措并舉、密集部署推動以(yi)5G、物聯(lian)網(wang)(wang)、工(gong)(gong)業(ye)互(hu)聯(lian)網(wang)(wang)、衛(wei)星互(hu)聯(lian)網(wang)(wang)為(wei)(wei)代表的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)通信網(wang)(wang)絡(luo)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she),以(yi)人(ren)工(gong)(gong)智(zhi)能(neng)、云計算(suan)(suan)、區塊鏈等(deng)為(wei)(wei)代表的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)興(xing)信息(xi)(xi)技(ji)術基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she),以(yi)及(ji)以(yi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)、智(zhi)能(neng)計算(suan)(suan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)為(wei)(wei)代表的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)算(suan)(suan)力基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)。就構建(jian)(jian)(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)協(xie)同(tong)創新(xin)(xin)體(ti)系(xi)而(er)言,2016年(nian)10月(yue)(yue),習(xi)(xi)(xi)近(jin)(jin)平(ping)(ping)總書(shu)記(ji)在主持(chi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央政(zheng)(zheng)治局第(di)三十(shi)(shi)六(liu)次集體(ti)學習(xi)(xi)(xi)時(shi)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)出(chu): “要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)深(shen)刻(ke)認識互(hu)聯(lian)網(wang)(wang)在國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)管理(li)(li)(li)(li)和(he)(he)社(she)會(hui)(hui)治理(li)(li)(li)(li)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)作(zuo)用,以(yi)推行(xing)電(dian)子政(zheng)(zheng)務(wu)(wu)、建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)新(xin)(xin)型智(zhi)慧(hui)城市等(deng)為(wei)(wei)抓手(shou),以(yi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)和(he)(he)共(gong)(gong)(gong)享(xiang)為(wei)(wei)途徑,建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin),推進(jin)技(ji)術融合(he)(he)(he)(he)、業(ye)務(wu)(wu)融合(he)(he)(he)(he)、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)融合(he)(he)(he)(he),實(shi)現(xian)跨層級(ji)、跨地域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)、跨系(xi)統、跨部門、跨業(ye)務(wu)(wu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)協(xie)同(tong)管理(li)(li)(li)(li)和(he)(he)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)。”由此,正式提(ti)(ti)出(chu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)構想。2017年(nian)12月(yue)(yue),習(xi)(xi)(xi)近(jin)(jin)平(ping)(ping)總書(shu)記(ji)在黨的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)十(shi)(shi)九大(da)(da)(da)(da)后第(di)二(er)次中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央政(zheng)(zheng)治局集體(ti)學習(xi)(xi)(xi)會(hui)(hui)上也提(ti)(ti)到(dao): “要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)政(zheng)(zheng)企(qi)合(he)(he)(he)(he)作(zuo)、多(duo)方(fang)參與(yu),加(jia)(jia)快公共(gong)(gong)(gong)服(fu)務(wu)(wu)領域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)和(he)(he)共(gong)(gong)(gong)享(xiang),推進(jin)同(tong)企(qi)業(ye)積累的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社(she)會(hui)(hui)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)進(jin)行(xing)平(ping)(ping)臺(tai)對接(jie),形成社(she)會(hui)(hui)治理(li)(li)(li)(li)強(qiang)(qiang)大(da)(da)(da)(da)合(he)(he)(he)(he)力。”2020年(nian)3月(yue)(yue),習(xi)(xi)(xi)近(jin)(jin)平(ping)(ping)總書(shu)記(ji)在中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央政(zheng)(zheng)治局常務(wu)(wu)委員會(hui)(hui)上強(qiang)(qiang)調(diao),要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)“加(jia)(jia)快5G網(wang)(wang)絡(luo)、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)等(deng)新(xin)(xin)型基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)進(jin)度(du)(du)”,將(jiang)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)作(zuo)為(wei)(wei)一(yi)(yi)種新(xin)(xin)型基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)上升為(wei)(wei)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)時(shi)代區域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)和(he)(he)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)競(jing)爭力的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)核心(xin)(xin)戰(zhan)(zhan)略(lve)資源。2020年(nian)5月(yue)(yue),國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)改(gai)革(ge)委《關(guan)于(yu)2019年(nian)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)和(he)(he)社(she)會(hui)(hui)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)計劃執行(xing)情(qing)況與(yu)2020年(nian)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)和(he)(he)社(she)會(hui)(hui)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)計劃草(cao)案(an)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)報告》中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),明確將(jiang)“實(shi)施(shi)(shi)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)大(da)(da)(da)(da)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng),布局10個左右區域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)級(ji)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)集群(qun)(qun)和(he)(he)智(zhi)能(neng)計算(suan)(suan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)”納入(ru)新(xin)(xin)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)建(jian)(jian)(jian)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)年(nian)度(du)(du)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)點(dian)任務(wu)(wu)。2020年(nian)12月(yue)(yue),在國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)(da)(da)力發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)“新(xin)(xin)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)建(jian)(jian)(jian)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)浪(lang)潮下,國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)改(gai)革(ge)委、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央網(wang)(wang)信辦(ban)、工(gong)(gong)業(ye)和(he)(he)信息(xi)(xi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)部、國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)能(neng)源局等(deng)4部門聯(lian)合(he)(he)(he)(he)印發《關(guan)于(yu)加(jia)(jia)快構建(jian)(jian)(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)協(xie)同(tong)創新(xin)(xin)體(ti)系(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)導意(yi)見(jian)(發改(gai)高技(ji)〔2020〕1922號)》,并明確指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)出(chu): “加(jia)(jia)強(qiang)(qiang)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)頂(ding)層設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)計,對深(shen)化(hua)(hua)(hua)政(zheng)(zheng)企(qi)協(xie)同(tong)、行(xing)業(ye)協(xie)同(tong)、區域(yu)(yu)(yu)(yu)協(xie)同(tong)以(yi)及(ji)全(quan)(quan)(quan)面支撐各(ge)行(xing)業(ye)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字化(hua)(hua)(hua)升級(ji)和(he)(he)產業(ye)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字化(hua)(hua)(hua)轉(zhuan)型具有(you)(you)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)意(yi)義(yi)。”2021年(nian)3月(yue)(yue),《中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)華人(ren)民(min)共(gong)(gong)(gong)和(he)(he)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)和(he)(he)社(she)會(hui)(hui)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)第(di)十(shi)(shi)四(si)(si)個五(wu)年(nian)規劃和(he)(he)2035年(nian)遠景目標綱(gang)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(草(cao)案(an))》明確提(ti)(ti)出(chu),要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)“加(jia)(jia)快構建(jian)(jian)(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)體(ti)系(xi),強(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)(hua)(hua)算(suan)(suan)力統籌智(zhi)能(neng)調(diao)度(du)(du),建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)若干國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)樞(shu)紐節點(dian)和(he)(he)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)集群(qun)(qun),建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)E級(ji)和(he)(he)10E級(ji)超級(ji)計算(suan)(suan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)”,為(wei)(wei)“十(shi)(shi)四(si)(si)五(wu)”期(qi)間促進(jin)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)集群(qun)(qun)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)高質量發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)指(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)明了方(fang)向。可以(yi)看到(dao),我國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字化(hua)(hua)(hua)新(xin)(xin)型基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)相關(guan)政(zheng)(zheng)策路(lu)線圖日趨清晰,全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)(she)已成為(wei)(wei)未來新(xin)(xin)經(jing)濟(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)社(she)會(hui)(hui)發展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)基(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)礎(chu)(chu)。

二、一體化國家級大數據(ju)中心的(de)研究與建設現狀

通(tong)(tong)過(guo)查閱(yue)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)有(you)關(guan)(guan)文獻發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)現(xian),國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)內(nei)(nei)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)者(zhe)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)領域的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)主要(yao)集(ji)(ji)(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)戰略(lve)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)與(yu)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)產(chan)(chan)業發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)兩個(ge)方面(mian): 第(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)(yi),構(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)。郁(yu)明星等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)構(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)治(zhi)理(li)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)理(li)論(lun)依(yi)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)和(he)可(ke)行性(xing)方案,旨在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)推(tui)(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)跨(kua)部門(men)、跨(kua)區(qu)域共(gong)享(xiang)(xiang)(xiang),提(ti)高(gao)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)利(li)用(yong)效率,加(jia)速開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)信(xin)(xin)息(xi)資(zi)(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)、挖(wa)掘(jue)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)(zi)紅利(li)、建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)網絡強國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)信(xin)(xin)息(xi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)進(jin)(jin)程(cheng)。賈一(yi)(yi)(yi)葦初步探討(tao)了(le)(le)全國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)架(jia)構(gou)模式,以(yi)政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)統(tong)(tong)籌(chou)構(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)共(gong)享(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)交(jiao)換平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)臺、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)臺為(wei)核(he)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin),形成三(san)(san)個(ge)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)臺體(ti)(ti),即數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)與(yu)云計(ji)(ji)算(suan)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)臺、全國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)政(zheng)(zheng)務(wu)(wu)信(xin)(xin)息(xi)資(zi)(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)共(gong)享(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)交(jiao)換平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)臺、大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)服務(wu)(wu)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)臺。張鵬等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)從行業角度出(chu)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa),首(shou)次(ci)引入(ru)了(le)(le)業務(wu)(wu)服務(wu)(wu)管理(li)(BSM)監(jian)控的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)理(li)念,提(ti)出(chu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)疾(ji)控數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)運(yun)維監(jian)控系(xi)統(tong)(tong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)構(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)思路。第(di)(di)二,數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)產(chan)(chan)業發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)。樊軼俠等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)梳理(li)了(le)(le)全球及(ji)(ji)(ji)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)內(nei)(nei)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)產(chan)(chan)業發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)狀況和(he)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)趨勢,針對(dui)產(chan)(chan)業發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)過(guo)程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)面(mian)臨(lin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)難題(ti)(ti)和(he)痛點,借鑒(jian)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)達國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)支持(chi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)優(you)(you)(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)經驗,提(ti)出(chu)助力數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)產(chan)(chan)業發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)質(zhi)量提(ti)高(gao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)思路。張莉莉等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)從推(tui)(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)技術產(chan)(chan)業創(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)、構(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)以(yi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)為(wei)關(guan)(guan)鍵要(yao)素(su)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)(zi)經濟(ji)、運(yun)用(yong)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)提(ti)升城市治(zhi)理(li)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)水平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)、切實保障數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)安全等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)方面(mian)對(dui)打造一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)城市大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)目(mu)標和(he)定位提(ti)出(chu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)對(dui)策和(he)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)議。國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)者(zhe)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)主要(yao)集(ji)(ji)(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)以(yi)下(xia)三(san)(san)方面(mian): 第(di)(di)一(yi)(yi)(yi),數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)整(zheng)體(ti)(ti)戰略(lve)布(bu)(bu)局研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)。從2010年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)起,美(mei)(mei)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)聯邦政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)提(ti)出(chu)聯邦數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)整(zheng)合計(ji)(ji)劃(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(FDCCI),各州共(gong)同推(tui)(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)型(xing)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、綠色化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。整(zheng)合計(ji)(ji)劃(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)通(tong)(tong)過(guo)運(yun)用(yong)“云計(ji)(ji)算(suan)優(you)(you)(you)先策略(lve)”減少數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)量,設(she)(she)(she)(she)立(li)階(jie)段性(xing)關(guan)(guan)閉數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)量的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)目(mu)標,推(tui)(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)型(xing)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua),不斷(duan)推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)產(chan)(chan)業的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)優(you)(you)(you)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)和(he)升級。2016年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian),英(ying)(ying)(ying)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)布(bu)(bu)《2016年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)至2018年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)英(ying)(ying)(ying)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)行動(dong)(dong)計(ji)(ji)劃(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)》(UK Open Government National Action Plan 2016 to 2018);加(jia)拿(na)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)《開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)合作(zuo)伙(huo)伴的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)第(di)(di)三(san)(san)次(ci)兩年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)計(ji)(ji)劃(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(2016-2018)》中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),圍繞開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)目(mu)標對(dui)開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)以(yi)及(ji)(ji)(ji)開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)進(jin)(jin)行整(zheng)體(ti)(ti)部署。第(di)(di)二,數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)投(tou)(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)。歐(ou)(ou)美(mei)(mei)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)(fu)均在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)與(yu)應用(yong)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)方面(mian)投(tou)(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)量人(ren)力、物力和(he)財力開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)。美(mei)(mei)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)、英(ying)(ying)(ying)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)、加(jia)拿(na)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)都(dou)通(tong)(tong)過(guo)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)門(men)戶,設(she)(she)(she)(she)立(li)高(gao)額(e)獎(jiang)金(jin),通(tong)(tong)過(guo)“開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)競賽(sai)”“創(chuang)(chuang)意競賽(sai)”等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)方式鼓勵公(gong)民創(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)性(xing)使用(yong)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju),取得(de)較大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)收(shou)益。美(mei)(mei)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)、日本(ben)、韓(han)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)資(zi)(zi)(zi)金(jin)投(tou)(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)、稅(shui)收(shou)貸(dai)款優(you)(you)(you)惠、投(tou)(tou)(tou)(tou)資(zi)(zi)(zi)促進(jin)(jin)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)方面(mian)對(dui)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)表示支持(chi)。歐(ou)(ou)盟委員(yuan)會(hui)于2020年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)2月(yue)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)布(bu)(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)《歐(ou)(ou)洲(zhou)(zhou)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)戰略(lve)》提(ti)出(chu),在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)2021-2027年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)期間投(tou)(tou)(tou)(tou)資(zi)(zi)(zi)40億至60億歐(ou)(ou)元(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)項目(mu),用(yong)于支持(chi)歐(ou)(ou)盟數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)空間和(he)云基(ji)礎(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施整(zheng)合建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)工作(zuo)。德國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)作(zuo)為(wei)歐(ou)(ou)盟的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)成員(yuan),投(tou)(tou)(tou)(tou)資(zi)(zi)(zi)計(ji)(ji)劃(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)將進(jin)(jin)一(yi)(yi)(yi)步促進(jin)(jin)其(qi)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)基(ji)礎(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)。第(di)(di)三(san)(san),國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)進(jin)(jin)展(zhan)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)。美(mei)(mei)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)防部每年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)投(tou)(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)2.5億美(mei)(mei)元(yuan)資(zi)(zi)(zi)助利(li)用(yong)海量數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)新(xin)(xin)方法研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)推(tui)(tui)(tui)動(dong)(dong)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)公(gong)開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai),積(ji)極促進(jin)(jin)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)技術從科(ke)(ke)研(yan)(yan)(yan)向(xiang)(xiang)應用(yong)領域轉化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua),在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)資(zi)(zi)(zi)金(jin)和(he)政(zheng)(zheng)策上(shang)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)力支持(chi)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)醫療、農業、商業、學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)術研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)領域發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)。Data Centre Pricing研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)了(le)(le)17個(ge)歐(ou)(ou)洲(zhou)(zhou)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)狀況,2019年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)12月(yue)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)布(bu)(bu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)結果(guo)(guo)顯示,英(ying)(ying)(ying)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)是歐(ou)(ou)洲(zhou)(zhou)最大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)第(di)(di)三(san)(san)方數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)市場,其(qi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)面(mian)積(ji)為(wei)85.8萬(wan)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)方米(mi),其(qi)次(ci)是德國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)和(he)荷(he)蘭,數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)面(mian)積(ji)分(fen)別為(wei)58.3萬(wan)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)方米(mi)和(he)46.1萬(wan)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)方米(mi)。世界主要(yao)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)達國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)加(jia)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)對(dui)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)科(ke)(ke)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(群)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)投(tou)(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)且(qie)取得(de)顯著(zhu)成效。澳大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)利(li)亞國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)服務(wu)(wu)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(ANDS)通(tong)(tong)過(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)澳大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)利(li)亞科(ke)(ke)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)現(xian)平(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)(ping)臺Portal,提(ti)供來自44個(ge)機構(gou)或網站的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)近2萬(wan)個(ge)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)集(ji)(ji)(ji),涵蓋自然科(ke)(ke)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)、社會(hui)科(ke)(ke)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)、藝術人(ren)文學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)科(ke)(ke)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)多學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)科(ke)(ke)領域的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)。英(ying)(ying)(ying)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)2004年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)成立(li)了(le)(le)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)保存(cun)(監(jian)護)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(DCC),2007年(nian)(nian)(nian)(nian)英(ying)(ying)(ying)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)科(ke)(ke)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)與(yu)創(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)辦公(gong)室(OSI)發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)布(bu)(bu)《發(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)英(ying)(ying)(ying)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)科(ke)(ke)研(yan)(yan)(yan)與(yu)創(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)信(xin)(xin)息(xi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)基(ji)礎(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施》研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)報告,提(ti)出(chu)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)(zi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)長期保存(cun)與(yu)共(gong)享(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)規劃(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua),重(zhong)點建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)規模的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)科(ke)(ke)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin),協調現(xian)有(you)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)(jia)(jia)、地方、科(ke)(ke)研(yan)(yan)(yan)院所(suo)和(he)其(qi)他(ta)相(xiang)(xiang)關(guan)(guan)者(zhe)關(guan)(guan)系(xi)。綜上(shang),國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)內(nei)(nei)外(wai)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)相(xiang)(xiang)關(guan)(guan)領域的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)工作(zuo)一(yi)(yi)(yi)直在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)持(chi)續推(tui)(tui)(tui)進(jin)(jin)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),但是尚未(wei)有(you)成熟的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)成果(guo)(guo)能(neng)夠對(dui)目(mu)前數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)(zi)經濟(ji)基(ji)礎(chu)設(she)(she)(she)(she)施建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)面(mian)臨(lin)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)核(he)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)問題(ti)(ti)和(he)解決思路進(jin)(jin)行系(xi)統(tong)(tong)性(xing)歸納總(zong)結和(he)集(ji)(ji)(ji)成分(fen)析。國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)內(nei)(nei)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)規劃(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)設(she)(she)(she)(she)計(ji)(ji)方面(mian)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)相(xiang)(xiang)對(dui)較多,大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)多數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)是提(ti)出(chu)框架(jia)性(xing)理(li)論(lun)架(jia)構(gou),重(zhong)點對(dui)一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)要(yao)性(xing)、存(cun)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)問題(ti)(ti)以(yi)及(ji)(ji)(ji)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)包(bao)含的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)主要(yao)模塊進(jin)(jin)行設(she)(she)(she)(she)計(ji)(ji)與(yu)探索。國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)外(wai)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)開(kai)(kai)(kai)(kai)放(fang)(fang)(fang)、科(ke)(ke)學(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)(xue)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)(she)(she)等(deng)(deng)(deng)(deng)方面(mian)實踐進(jin)(jin)展(zhan)較快,但國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)內(nei)(nei)外(wai)均未(wei)形成以(yi)問題(ti)(ti)為(wei)導向(xiang)(xiang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)全國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)大(da)(da)(da)(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)協同創(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)研(yan)(yan)(yan)究(jiu)(jiu)成果(guo)(guo)。

三、全國(guo)一體化大數據中心協(xie)同創新面臨(lin)的瓶頸性問題

近年來,我國大數(shu)據(ju)發展(zhan)雖然在頂層設計、統籌協調、創新(xin)應用、產業發展(zhan)、區域示(shi)范等(deng)方面取(qu)得了顯著進展(zhan),但仍(reng)然存在一(yi)些束(shu)縛大數(shu)據(ju)發展(zhan)的瓶頸性(xing)問題亟待解決(jue)。

(一)數(shu)據(ju)中心布局(ju)亟待集約化

構(gou)建(jian)(jian)(jian)全國(guo)一(yi)體(ti)(ti)化大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)協同創新(xin)體(ti)(ti)系,首要(yao)任務(wu)是對現有(you)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)進行(xing)優化布(bu)局(ju)(ju)。然而(er)(er),現有(you)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)縱向(xiang)無(wu)法聯(lian)動、橫向(xiang)難成(cheng)合力,基(ji)礎設(she)(she)施(shi)小散亂、低水平建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)現象嚴重(zhong)(zhong),陷入“大(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)吃不飽、小的(de)(de)(de)不能(neng)(neng)用(yong)(yong)”的(de)(de)(de)困(kun)境,數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)集約化布(bu)局(ju)(ju)尚受到三個(ge)方面(mian)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)約。第(di)一(yi),網(wang)(wang)(wang)絡(luo)(luo)連通。傳(chuan)統運(yun)營商網(wang)(wang)(wang)絡(luo)(luo)布(bu)局(ju)(ju)以本(ben)地(di)(di)需(xu)求而(er)(er)非以跨域大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)資源(yuan)調(diao)度為導(dao)(dao)向(xiang),導(dao)(dao)致西部(bu)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)網(wang)(wang)(wang)絡(luo)(luo)直(zhi)聯(lian)點相對不足。“十(shi)三五”期(qi)間(jian),國(guo)家級互聯(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)骨干網(wang)(wang)(wang)直(zhi)聯(lian)點由(you)(you)3個(ge)增長到13個(ge),在一(yi)定程(cheng)度上提升改善了直(zhi)聯(lian)點周(zhou)(zhou)邊地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)網(wang)(wang)(wang)絡(luo)(luo)流量和(he)互通效率。但(dan)由(you)(you)于(yu)其(qi)布(bu)局(ju)(ju)主(zhu)要(yao)考慮下游用(yong)(yong)戶需(xu)求規模(mo),西部(bu)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)超大(da)(da)型(xing)(xing)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)集聚的(de)(de)(de)內蒙(meng)古、甘(gan)肅、寧夏、河北、新(xin)疆等(deng)(deng)地(di)(di)均(jun)無(wu)國(guo)家級互聯(lian)網(wang)(wang)(wang)骨干直(zhi)聯(lian)點布(bu)局(ju)(ju)。這些地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)由(you)(you)于(yu)遠(yuan)離(li)骨干網(wang)(wang)(wang),網(wang)(wang)(wang)絡(luo)(luo)條件落后(hou),且跨省(sheng)遠(yuan)距離(li)傳(chuan)輸成(cheng)本(ben)和(he)跨運(yun)營商網(wang)(wang)(wang)絡(luo)(luo)業(ye)(ye)務(wu)繞轉時延均(jun)比(bi)較(jiao)高,嚴重(zhong)(zhong)影響網(wang)(wang)(wang)絡(luo)(luo)時延體(ti)(ti)驗,也就難以發揮從東(dong)部(bu)分流算力需(xu)求的(de)(de)(de)作用(yong)(yong)。第(di)二,能(neng)(neng)耗限制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。根據(ju)(ju)國(guo)家能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)局(ju)(ju)發布(bu)的(de)(de)(de)《能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)發展“十(shi)三五”規劃(hua)》,全國(guo)在“十(shi)三五”期(qi)間(jian)實施(shi)單(dan)位GDP能(neng)(neng)耗和(he)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)消費總量的(de)(de)(de)雙控(kong)行(xing)動。在巨大(da)(da)的(de)(de)(de)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)能(neng)(neng)耗需(xu)求面(mian)前,北京、上海、深圳(zhen)等(deng)(deng)一(yi)線城(cheng)市紛紛出臺控(kong)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)政策,或在中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)城(cheng)區(qu)(qu)全面(mian)禁止新(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)和(he)擴建(jian)(jian)(jian)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin),或限制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)新(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)PUE(數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)總能(neng)(neng)耗/IT設(she)(she)備(bei)能(neng)(neng)耗)及規模(mo)。例如,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)電信原(yuan)計劃(hua)在北京亦莊投建(jian)(jian)(jian)3000個(ge)機架,由(you)(you)于(yu)缺少供電配額(e)而(er)(er)被迫關閉。受限于(yu)目(mu)前省(sheng)際(ji)之(zhi)間(jian)沒有(you)建(jian)(jian)(jian)立較(jiao)為成(cheng)熟的(de)(de)(de)能(neng)(neng)耗指(zhi)標(biao)跨域調(diao)配機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),西部(bu)能(neng)(neng)耗指(zhi)標(biao)充裕地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)和(he)東(dong)部(bu)能(neng)(neng)耗指(zhi)標(biao)嚴重(zhong)(zhong)緊張(zhang)地(di)(di)區(qu)(qu)無(wu)法實現能(neng)(neng)耗指(zhi)標(biao)的(de)(de)(de)均(jun)衡(heng)配置,過(guo)剩問題和(he)嚴重(zhong)(zhong)不足現象并存(cun)。第(di)三,用(yong)(yong)電成(cheng)本(ben)。在數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)運(yun)行(xing)成(cheng)本(ben)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),超過(guo)60%為電費消耗。我國(guo)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)使用(yong)(yong)電價按照工業(ye)(ye)用(yong)(yong)電核算,均(jun)價是居(ju)民(min)用(yong)(yong)電均(jun)價的(de)(de)(de)1.25倍到1.45倍,平均(jun)價在0.7元人(ren)民(min)幣左右(you),比(bi)美國(guo)還要(yao)高,因此各(ge)大(da)(da)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)紛紛在電力資源(yuan)豐富、電價便宜的(de)(de)(de)內蒙(meng)古、甘(gan)肅、寧夏等(deng)(deng)地(di)(di)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)大(da)(da)型(xing)(xing)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)。由(you)(you)于(yu)電力網(wang)(wang)(wang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)成(cheng)本(ben)高、配套差等(deng)(deng)原(yuan)因,其(qi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)周(zhou)(zhou)期(qi)長于(yu)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)網(wang)(wang)(wang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)(she)周(zhou)(zhou)期(qi),數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)“數(shu)(shu)(shu)等(deng)(deng)電”的(de)(de)(de)情況時有(you)發生。

(二)算(suan)力資源結構(gou)亟待(dai)均衡化

5G、邊緣計算(suan)、區塊鏈等新技術的(de)推(tui)廣(guang)普及(ji)將對(dui)我(wo)國(guo)以(yi)數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)為(wei)代(dai)表的(de)數(shu)(shu)字新型基礎設施發(fa)展(zhan)帶(dai)(dai)來巨大(da)壓力(li),到“十四五”期(qi)(qi)末,我(wo)國(guo)數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)總體將出現(xian)(xian)(xian)較(jiao)大(da)算(suan)力(li)資源(yuan)缺口,特別是(shi)東部(bu)地(di)(di)區,算(suan)力(li)需求相比(bi)中(zhong)(zhong)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)地(di)(di)區增(zeng)長更快,但受制于供(gong)電、能耗指標(biao)等限(xian)制,算(suan)力(li)資源(yuan)拓(tuo)展(zhan)空(kong)間極為(wei)有(you)限(xian),未來算(suan)力(li)資源(yuan)短缺問題將更加嚴重,有(you)必要在“十四五”期(qi)(qi)間提前(qian)(qian)布局(ju)、提前(qian)(qian)應對(dui)。我(wo)國(guo)東西(xi)(xi)部(bu)算(suan)力(li)資源(yuan)供(gong)給呈(cheng)現(xian)(xian)(xian)“東部(bu)不足、西(xi)(xi)部(bu)過(guo)剩”局(ju)面(mian)。東部(bu)發(fa)達(da)地(di)(di)區呈(cheng)現(xian)(xian)(xian)較(jiao)為(wei)明顯的(de)算(suan)力(li)資源(yuan)供(gong)給相對(dui)不足局(ju)面(mian),而中(zhong)(zhong)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)地(di)(di)區則呈(cheng)現(xian)(xian)(xian)算(suan)力(li)資源(yuan)供(gong)給過(guo)剩局(ju)面(mian),此外,北上(shang)廣(guang)深等一線城市(shi)數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)利(li)用率幾乎處(chu)于飽和狀態(tai),但西(xi)(xi)部(bu)地(di)(di)區很多省(sheng)份數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)上(shang)架率還處(chu)于15%至(zhi)30%之間,提升潛力(li)巨大(da)。當前(qian)(qian),雖然已有(you)部(bu)分互(hu)聯網巨頭公司在我(wo)國(guo)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)地(di)(di)區布局(ju)建立了數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin),但主營業務仍以(yi)數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)容災備份、離線數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)存儲(chu)為(wei)主,這種“東數(shu)(shu)西(xi)(xi)存”模(mo)式的(de)產業輻(fu)射(she)能力(li)較(jiao)弱,不利(li)于我(wo)國(guo)西(xi)(xi)部(bu)地(di)(di)區數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)相關產業生態(tai)長遠(yuan)發(fa)展(zhan),難以(yi)帶(dai)(dai)動西(xi)(xi)部(bu)地(di)(di)區數(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)產業升級轉型。

(三(san))數據流通融合亟待機制化(hua)

黨的十九屆四(si)中全(quan)會(hui)(hui)首次(ci)提出: “要(yao)健(jian)全(quan)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)作為(wei)一(yi)種(zhong)新型生產(chan)(chan)要(yao)素由市場(chang)評價(jia)貢獻(xian)、按貢獻(xian)決(jue)定(ding)報酬的機(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)。”然而,當(dang)前(qian)(qian)構(gou)建數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)要(yao)素市場(chang)仍面臨如(ru)下三個瓶頸: 第一(yi),流通體(ti)(ti)制(zhi)機(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi)尚(shang)未建立。目前(qian)(qian),數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)尚(shang)不(bu)(bu)具備作為(wei)一(yi)種(zhong)生產(chan)(chan)要(yao)素所必需(xu)的商品化、資(zi)產(chan)(chan)化機(ji)(ji)(ji)制(zhi),無(wu)(wu)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)界(jie)(jie)定(ding)權屬、無(wu)(wu)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)評估質量、無(wu)(wu)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)有(you)效(xiao)定(ding)價(jia)、無(wu)(wu)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)可信流通,企(qi)業(ye)(ye)獲取政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)、政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府獲取企(qi)業(ye)(ye)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)或企(qi)業(ye)(ye)之間交換數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju),均存(cun)在(zai)巨大障礙,各(ge)類機(ji)(ji)(ji)構(gou)對于數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)共享流通顧慮(lv)重重、瞻前(qian)(qian)顧后、畏首畏尾。第二,政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)企(qi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)對接(jie)難(nan)的問(wen)題(ti)尚(shang)未破題(ti)。進入互聯網時(shi)代,網絡上動輒涉及數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)億甚至數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)十億人流的應用越(yue)來越(yue)多,社會(hui)(hui)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)源(yuan)分布(bu)已經從過去政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府掌控(kong)80%演變為(wei)倒“28”格局,唯有(you)構(gou)建政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)企(qi)一(yi)體(ti)(ti)化數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)源(yuan)體(ti)(ti)系,才能(neng)有(you)效(xiao)形成(cheng)社會(hui)(hui)治(zhi)理合力(li)。此(ci)次(ci)新冠(guan)疫情暴露出政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)與(yu)社會(hui)(hui)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)對接(jie)不(bu)(bu)暢的短(duan)板(ban),如(ru)部(bu)(bu)分城市缺(que)乏(fa)民眾移(yi)動軌(gui)跡(ji)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju),無(wu)(wu)法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)有(you)效(xiao)指揮調度(du),只能(neng)組織運營商、部(bu)(bu)分互聯網公司等企(qi)業(ye)(ye)緊急攻關,這種(zhong)“臨陣(zhen)磨槍(qiang)”的做法(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)容易導(dao)致耽誤寶貴的防控(kong)戰(zhan)機(ji)(ji)(ji),絕非(fei)長久之計,必須建立政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)企(qi)一(yi)體(ti)(ti)、多源(yuan)整合的數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)源(yuan)體(ti)(ti)系。第三,政(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)(zheng)府部(bu)(bu)門數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)壁壘尚(shang)未有(you)效(xiao)破除。隨著國家(jia)大數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)戰(zhan)略縱(zong)深(shen)推進,社會(hui)(hui)各(ge)界(jie)(jie)都認識到了數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)的價(jia)值,但少數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)部(bu)(bu)門反而把數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)視(shi)為(wei)其“私有(you)財(cai)產(chan)(chan)”,認為(wei)“奇貨可居(ju)”,更加不(bu)(bu)愿意與(yu)人共享,加劇了數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)共享難(nan)問(wen)題(ti),個別部(bu)(bu)門和地方依(yi)然存(cun)在(zai)“本(ben)位主義”思維,死抱著數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)不(bu)(bu)放,導(dao)致決(jue)策研判受到影響。

(四)數據應用創新亟待多元化(hua)

我國(guo)部分(fen)(fen)信息化(hua)項目存(cun)在(zai)“重(zhong)建設(she)(she)、輕(qing)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong),重(zhong)硬件、輕(qing)軟件、更(geng)輕(qing)數(shu)據,重(zhong)規模、輕(qing)實效(xiao)”等問題,在(zai)此(ci)次新(xin)(xin)冠疫(yi)(yi)情(qing)(qing)中(zhong)得(de)到(dao)充分(fen)(fen)暴露,數(shu)據應(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)價值(zhi)未得(de)到(dao)充分(fen)(fen)釋放(fang)。基(ji)層(ceng)(ceng)數(shu)據“最后一(yi)公里”受阻(zu)。在(zai)新(xin)(xin)冠疫(yi)(yi)情(qing)(qing)應(ying)對(dui)中(zhong),很多(duo)地(di)方的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“互聯網(wang)+”政務(wu)服務(wu)平臺無(wu)法有(you)效(xiao)下沉到(dao)社區街道,有(you)網(wang)民質疑“相比17年前SARS沒(mei)有(you)實質進步(bu)”。基(ji)層(ceng)(ceng)填(tian)表(biao)繁雜、重(zhong)復填(tian)表(biao)等問題突出(chu),人(ren)民網(wang)撰文呼吁“疫(yi)(yi)情(qing)(qing)防控(kong)別讓基(ji)層(ceng)(ceng)人(ren)員做‘表(biao)哥’‘表(biao)姐(jie)’”,引發廣(guang)泛共(gong)鳴。很多(duo)規劃“縱(zong)向(xiang)到(dao)底、橫向(xiang)到(dao)邊”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)系(xi)統淪為(wei)擺設(she)(she)。由(you)于(yu)(yu)建設(she)(she)時只(zhi)注重(zhong)硬件基(ji)礎設(she)(she)施等“有(you)顯(xian)示度”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)環節(jie),往(wang)往(wang)是硬件雖(sui)然到(dao)位(wei),但應(ying)用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)“既(ji)沒(mei)到(dao)底、也沒(mei)到(dao)邊”。有(you)專家質疑,2003年SARS疫(yi)(yi)情(qing)(qing)后建立的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)傳(chuan)染病與突發公共(gong)衛(wei)生事件監測信息系(xi)統,在(zai)此(ci)次疫(yi)(yi)情(qing)(qing)早期預(yu)警和(he)(he)中(zhong)后期聯防聯控(kong)中(zhong)究(jiu)竟(jing)發揮了多(duo)少實質作用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)。新(xin)(xin)冠疫(yi)(yi)情(qing)(qing)爆發后,部分(fen)(fen)地(di)方政府花巨資建設(she)(she)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)各種(zhong)智慧城(cheng)市、城(cheng)市大腦(nao)幾(ji)乎派不上用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)場,值(zhi)得(de)深刻(ke)反思。“數(shu)據決策”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)實現依(yi)然任重(zhong)道遠。個別地(di)方政府在(zai)決策過(guo)程中(zhong)對(dui)于(yu)(yu)客(ke)觀數(shu)據輕(qing)視甚至(zhi)漠視,缺乏利用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)數(shu)據進行(xing)政策預(yu)判預(yu)演的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)意識(shi)和(he)(he)能力,決策依(yi)靠(kao)“拍腦(nao)袋”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)習慣根深蒂固,客(ke)觀數(shu)據在(zai)決策參考中(zhong)權重(zhong)占比太低,缺乏利用(yong)(yong)(yong)(yong)數(shu)據進行(xing)政策預(yu)演預(yu)判的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)意識(shi)和(he)(he)能力。

(五)數據安全防護(hu)亟待自主化(hua)

當(dang)前,大(da)數(shu)(shu)據領(ling)域(yu)(yu)采用(yong)的(de)技(ji)(ji)術(shu)設備和(he)(he)(he)基礎設施、各類信(xin)息(xi)端(duan)(duan)和(he)(he)(he)物聯網終端(duan)(duan)等,尚未實現自主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)可(ke)控。當(dang)數(shu)(shu)據的(de)質(zhi)和(he)(he)(he)量達到(dao)一(yi)定程度(du)時,會(hui)帶來(lai)各種(zhong)新(xin)的(de)安(an)全(quan)(quan)問題(ti),如果不提前布(bu)局,大(da)數(shu)(shu)據未來(lai)就是(shi)“建立在(zai)(zai)沙灘上的(de)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)”,隨時面臨坍塌風險。在(zai)(zai)基礎架(jia)構層面,數(shu)(shu)據中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)國(guo)(guo)產(chan)化(hua)替(ti)代任重道(dao)遠(yuan)。當(dang)前,我(wo)國(guo)(guo)絕大(da)多(duo)數(shu)(shu)互(hu)聯網公(gong)司和(he)(he)(he)公(gong)共部門數(shu)(shu)據中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)底層基礎設施國(guo)(guo)產(chan)化(hua)自主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)可(ke)控程度(du)很低(di),一(yi)旦(dan)被惡(e)意攻擊,容易導致(zhi)(zhi)大(da)量關系(xi)國(guo)(guo)計(ji)民生的(de)數(shu)(shu)據被竊取或泄露,對(dui)國(guo)(guo)家安(an)全(quan)(quan)造成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)巨大(da)潛在(zai)(zai)危害(hai)。由于部分國(guo)(guo)產(chan)化(hua)服務器(qi)芯片替(ti)代方案和(he)(he)(he)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)生態尚未完全(quan)(quan)成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)熟,很多(duo)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)和(he)(he)(he)政府(fu)部門推(tui)進(jin)數(shu)(shu)據中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)國(guo)(guo)產(chan)化(hua)替(ti)代決心(xin)不強。特別是(shi)很多(duo)地方和(he)(he)(he)部門新(xin)立項或新(xin)開工數(shu)(shu)據中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)項目(mu)(mu)依(yi)然沿用(yong)X86架(jia)構方案,不僅造成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)新(xin)的(de)安(an)全(quan)(quan)隱患(huan),而且未來(lai)二(er)次建設還將造成(cheng)(cheng)(cheng)巨大(da)浪(lang)費。在(zai)(zai)應用(yong)和(he)(he)(he)算法層面,我(wo)國(guo)(guo)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)界在(zai)(zai)大(da)數(shu)(shu)據算法原始創新(xin)、工程實現和(he)(he)(he)系(xi)統(tong)平(ping)(ping)臺(tai)三(san)個核心(xin)領(ling)域(yu)(yu)相比(bi)美國(guo)(guo)均存(cun)在(zai)(zai)較大(da)差距。在(zai)(zai)應用(yong)和(he)(he)(he)算法領(ling)域(yu)(yu),我(wo)國(guo)(guo)互(hu)聯網領(ling)域(yu)(yu)尚難(nan)以(yi)完全(quan)(quan)擺脫商業(ye)(ye)(ye)模(mo)式引領(ling)、技(ji)(ji)術(shu)配套跟隨的(de)“路徑依(yi)賴(lai)”問題(ti),基礎架(jia)構和(he)(he)(he)分析領(ling)域(yu)(yu)平(ping)(ping)臺(tai)級原創技(ji)(ji)術(shu)匱乏,對(dui)國(guo)(guo)際主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)流(liu)開源(yuan)社區貢(gong)獻度(du)不高,技(ji)(ji)術(shu)影響力較弱。目(mu)(mu)前,大(da)數(shu)(shu)據最前沿的(de)計(ji)算框架(jia)和(he)(he)(he)衍生生態圈都分布(bu)在(zai)(zai)國(guo)(guo)外(wai)(wai)開源(yuan)社區內,未來(lai)一(yi)旦(dan)國(guo)(guo)外(wai)(wai)開源(yuan)社區的(de)開源(yuan)代碼和(he)(he)(he)軟(ruan)件受出口管制,勢(shi)必(bi)會(hui)對(dui)依(yi)賴(lai)開源(yuan)資源(yuan)進(jin)行(xing)開發經營的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)企業(ye)(ye)(ye)帶來(lai)極大(da)威脅,將導致(zhi)(zhi)我(wo)國(guo)(guo)大(da)數(shu)(shu)據產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)面臨巨大(da)風險。

四、全國一體(ti)化大數(shu)據中心協(xie)同創(chuang)新體(ti)系的總(zong)體(ti)架構(gou)

全國一體(ti)(ti)化大數(shu)(shu)(shu)據中(zhong)心協同創新(xin)體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)總體(ti)(ti)框架如圖1所示,主要由國家(jia)“數(shu)(shu)(shu)網”體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)、“數(shu)(shu)(shu)紐”體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)、“數(shu)(shu)(shu)鏈”體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)、“數(shu)(shu)(shu)腦”體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)、“數(shu)(shu)(shu)盾”體(ti)(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)等五大部分組成,既涵蓋工程建設內容也囊括政策(ce)工具內容。

1.jpg

(一)國(guo)家“數網”體系: 優化(hua)數據中心基礎設(she)施建設(she)布局

重點解(jie)決(jue)過(guo)去十幾年里我國(guo)東(dong)中(zhong)(zhong)西部算力(li)(li)資(zi)源布局在取(qu)得長足進步(bu)的同(tong)時,依然存在算力(li)(li)資(zi)源發展不(bu)平衡(heng)(heng)不(bu)充分及區域(yu)間(jian)割裂嚴重的問題(ti)。通(tong)過(guo)“數(shu)網”體系(xi)建(jian)設(she)(she),能夠極大提升網絡(luo)通(tong)信、數(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)等(deng)基礎設(she)(she)施(shi)的集約化(hua)建(jian)設(she)(she)水平,有(you)(you)(you)效(xiao)(xiao)提高政(zheng)府投資(zi)效(xiao)(xiao)率(lv),引導區域(yu)范(fan)圍內(nei)數(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)集聚,促(cu)進規(gui)模化(hua)、集約化(hua)、綠色化(hua)發展。同(tong)時,通(tong)過(guo)國(guo)家“東(dong)數(shu)西算”戰略的實(shi)(shi)施(shi),建(jian)立針對東(dong)部地(di)區算力(li)(li)需求的分級(ji)分類(lei)響應體系(xi),以市(shi)場(chang)需求為導向(xiang),有(you)(you)(you)序發展規(gui)模適中(zhong)(zhong)、集約綠色的數(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin),服務(wu)本(ben)地(di)區算力(li)(li)資(zi)源需求,有(you)(you)(you)效(xiao)(xiao)引導東(dong)部部分對時延要求不(bu)高的應用(yong)需求有(you)(you)(you)序向(xiang)西部遷移,協同(tong)解(jie)決(jue)算力(li)(li)資(zi)源結構(gou)性失衡(heng)(heng)問題(ti),實(shi)(shi)現總體時空(kong)布局優(you)化(hua)、成(cheng)本(ben)優(you)化(hua)、安全管控優(you)化(hua)。

(二(er))國(guo)家“數紐”體系: 有(you)效降低算力使(shi)用成本和門檻

重(zhong)點解(jie)決(jue)當(dang)前企(qi)業(ye)(ye)面(mian)(mian)臨的(de)上(shang)云(yun)前“平臺(tai)安全‘難(nan)(nan)信任(ren)’、供(gong)需(xu)關系‘難(nan)(nan)對接’”,上(shang)云(yun)時(shi)(shi)“多(duo)云(yun)廠商‘難(nan)(nan)抉(jue)擇’、提(ti)供(gong)服務(wu)‘難(nan)(nan)全面(mian)(mian)’”,上(shang)云(yun)后“跨(kua)云(yun)業(ye)(ye)務(wu)‘難(nan)(nan)遷移’,算力(li)成本‘難(nan)(nan)降低(di)’”等諸多(duo)問題,通過培育壯大(da)(da)類似于(yu)第四(si)方物流的(de)“第四(si)方云(yun)服務(wu)”產(chan)業(ye)(ye),通過政企(qi)合作,為社會化(hua)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)提(ti)供(gong)響應更加便捷、成本更加低(di)廉、配置更加高效(xiao)的(de)一體化(hua)算力(li)服務(wu),有(you)助(zhu)于(yu)大(da)(da)幅提(ti)高各行(xing)業(ye)(ye)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)上(shang)云(yun)比例,提(ti)升國民(min)經濟(ji)各行(xing)業(ye)(ye)數字化(hua)轉(zhuan)型普(pu)及(ji)率,推動企(qi)業(ye)(ye)上(shang)云(yun)健(jian)康有(you)序發展,助(zhu)力(li)企(qi)業(ye)(ye)數字化(hua)轉(zhuan)型。對于(yu)需(xu)后臺(tai)加工存儲、對網絡時(shi)(shi)延要求(qiu)不高的(de)業(ye)(ye)務(wu),引導向(xiang)(xiang)能(neng)源豐富、氣候適宜(yi)地(di)區的(de)數據中(zhong)心集群調(diao)度(du);對于(yu)面(mian)(mian)向(xiang)(xiang)高頻次(ci)業(ye)(ye)務(wu)調(diao)用、對網絡時(shi)(shi)延要求(qiu)極高的(de)業(ye)(ye)務(wu),引導向(xiang)(xiang)城(cheng)市級高性能(neng)、邊緣(yuan)數據中(zhong)心調(diao)度(du);對于(yu)其他算力(li)需(xu)求(qiu),引導向(xiang)(xiang)本區域內數據中(zhong)心集群調(diao)度(du)。

(三)國家“數(shu)鏈”體系: 加速數(shu)據流(liu)通融合打造數(shu)字(zi)供應鏈

重(zhong)點(dian)解決當前“政-政”“政-企”“企-企”等各(ge)個(ge)通(tong)(tong)道間數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)源流(liu)通(tong)(tong)共享要(yao)(yao)件體系缺失(shi)問題。通(tong)(tong)過(guo)構建(jian)(jian)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)質量(liang)評估、可信(xin)流(liu)通(tong)(tong)、聯合(he)建(jian)(jian)模等數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)源流(liu)通(tong)(tong)調度新型機(ji)制,構建(jian)(jian)覆蓋原(yuan)始數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)、脫敏(min)處(chu)理數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)、模型化(hua)(hua)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)和(he)人工智能(neng)化(hua)(hua)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)等不同數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)開發層級的(de)新型大數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)綜合(he)交易(yi)機(ji)制,實現(xian)在(zai)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)用見分離的(de)前提下數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)源化(hua)(hua)、資(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)產化(hua)(hua)、資(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)本化(hua)(hua)層面(mian)的(de)生(sheng)產要(yao)(yao)素(su)流(liu)通(tong)(tong)分配。積極完善數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)源采集、處(chu)理、確權(quan)、使用、流(liu)通(tong)(tong)、交易(yi)等環節的(de)制度法規和(he)機(ji)制化(hua)(hua)運營(ying)流(liu)程,實現(xian)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)供應鏈化(hua)(hua)和(he)供應鏈數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)化(hua)(hua)相(xiang)結(jie)合(he),為全(quan)面(mian)構建(jian)(jian)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)要(yao)(yao)素(su)統一(yi)大市場奠定基(ji)礎,有效釋放全(quan)國(guo)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)(zi)源紅利。

(四)國家(jia)“數腦”體系(xi): 深(shen)化各行業數據智(zhi)能應用創新

重點針對當前經濟社會運行(xing)感知能(neng)力不足、宏觀決策和(he)風險研(yan)判水平不高等(deng)問題,打(da)造“行(xing)業(ye)數(shu)據(ju)大腦”和(he)“城市(shi)數(shu)據(ju)大腦”,圍繞國家重大戰略布局(ju),推動大數(shu)據(ju)在各行(xing)業(ye)領域的融合(he)應用,促進提升(sheng)城市(shi)治理水平和(he)服務能(neng)力。另外,積極建設面向重大突(tu)發(fa)事件(jian)處置(zhi)的“數(shu)據(ju)靶場(chang)”,定期開(kai)(kai)展“數(shu)據(ju)演習”,為重大突(tu)發(fa)事件(jian)期間開(kai)(kai)展決策研(yan)判和(he)調度(du)指揮(hui)提供數(shu)據(ju)支撐,加快形成數(shu)據(ju)驅動型的綜合(he)展示、科(ke)學(xue)決策、協同治理、智慧指揮(hui)新格局(ju)。

(五)國家“數(shu)盾”體(ti)系(xi): 強(qiang)化對算力和數(shu)據資源安全防護

重點解決當前數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)領(ling)域(yu)出現的一(yi)系列全(quan)(quan)新(xin)挑戰和(he)問題(ti),圍繞服(fu)務器(qi)芯片、云操(cao)作系統、云數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)庫(ku)、中間件、分布式(shi)計算(suan)(suan)與存(cun)儲(chu)、數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)流(liu)通(tong)模(mo)型等(deng)(deng)環節(jie),推動關鍵(jian)核心技(ji)術突破及(ji)應用,通(tong)過建(jian)立網絡和(he)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)一(yi)體(ti)化(hua)(hua)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)防護體(ti)系和(he)面向數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)、算(suan)(suan)法、算(suan)(suan)力等(deng)(deng)資源流(liu)通(tong)的綜(zong)合監管體(ti)系,強化(hua)(hua)大(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)保障,有(you)效(xiao)(xiao)提(ti)高數(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)經濟發(fa)展(zhan)整體(ti)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)水平,有(you)效(xiao)(xiao)促進(jin)國(guo)產(chan)化(hua)(hua)數(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)產(chan)業發(fa)展(zhan)。  

五(wu)、加快(kuai)構建全國一體化大數據中心協同(tong)創新體系的戰略價值

全國一(yi)(yi)體化(hua)大數(shu)(shu)據(ju)中心協同創新體系(xi)的(de)戰略(lve)價值總體可概括為“1+2+3”,即聚焦(jiao)數(shu)(shu)字經濟時代國家新型基礎設(she)建設(she)“一(yi)(yi)條主線”,把握數(shu)(shu)據(ju)要素市場(chang)化(hua)配(pei)置改革和(he)數(shu)(shu)據(ju)中心綠色(se)高(gao)質(zhi)量發(fa)展“兩大定位”,實現多方面銜接聯(lian)動(dong)、算力數(shu)(shu)據(ju)融合發(fa)展、工程和(he)政策協同創新“三個一(yi)(yi)體化(hua)”。

(一(yi))聚焦數字經濟時代國(guo)家(jia)新型基(ji)礎設建設“一(yi)條主線”

全國(guo)一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)大數(shu)(shu)據(ju)中心(xin)協同創新體(ti)(ti)系的本質(zhi)是(shi)以加快建設(she)數(shu)(shu)據(ju)強國(guo)為主要牽(qian)引,目的是(shi)積極打造數(shu)(shu)字(zi)經濟時代的國(guo)家新型公共基(ji)礎(chu)設(she)施(shi),有序推進大數(shu)(shu)據(ju)“采存傳(chuan)治用管”一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)技術融(rong)合、“陸海空(kong)天電(dian)網”一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)數(shu)(shu)據(ju)融(rong)合、“政產學研(yan)金用”一(yi)(yi)體(ti)(ti)化(hua)業務融(rong)合,全面(mian)提(ti)升數(shu)(shu)據(ju)基(ji)礎(chu)設(she)施(shi)統籌規劃(hua)與(yu)統一(yi)(yi)調度能力(li)(li)(li)、數(shu)(shu)據(ju)資源縱橫聯動與(yu)整合掌控能力(li)(li)(li)、重點業務協同應用與(yu)集(ji)成創新能力(li)(li)(li)、行(xing)業自主可控與(yu)安(an)全防護能力(li)(li)(li),最(zui)終(zhong)實現(xian)有效支(zhi)撐(cheng)服務數(shu)(shu)字(zi)治理創新、數(shu)(shu)字(zi)經濟發(fa)展、智慧(hui)社會建設(she)、數(shu)(shu)字(zi)文(wen)化(hua)培育和數(shu)(shu)字(zi)生態文(wen)明的整體(ti)(ti)布局和良性格局,加快形成國(guo)際數(shu)(shu)字(zi)經濟競(jing)爭新優勢,助(zhu)力(li)(li)(li)我國(guo)數(shu)(shu)字(zi)經濟高(gao)質(zhi)量(liang)發(fa)展、高(gao)品(pin)質(zhi)生活與(yu)高(gao)水平開(kai)放,為實現(xian)“兩(liang)個一(yi)(yi)百年”總目標奠定(ding)堅(jian)實的數(shu)(shu)據(ju)基(ji)礎(chu)。

(二(er))把(ba)握數據要素市場化配置改革(ge)和數據中心綠色高質量(liang)發展“兩大定位(wei)”

第一,數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)經(jing)(jing)濟(ji)(ji)時(shi)代促進數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)要(yao)素市(shi)場(chang)化配(pei)置改(gai)革(ge)的(de)(de)新(xin)型(xing)(xing)基(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)施核(he)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)定(ding)位。該定(ding)位主要(yao)是(shi)為(wei)了解決部分(fen)地方、部門及(ji)企業(ye)在(zai)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)建設(she)中(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)發(fa)(fa)展無序、盲目、混亂等(deng)問題(ti),進一步強化國(guo)家(jia)層(ceng)面(mian)(mian)的(de)(de)統(tong)籌協調作用(yong)(yong),構建以數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)為(wei)核(he)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)的(de)(de)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)一體(ti)化數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)經(jing)(jing)濟(ji)(ji)基(ji)礎(chu)(chu)設(she)施,在(zai)保障(zhang)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)的(de)(de)前(qian)提(ti)下,進一步提(ti)高(gao)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)各級政(zheng)府和(he)社(she)會化企業(ye)使(shi)用(yong)(yong)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)和(he)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)的(de)(de)可得(de)性(xing)、普惠性(xing)、便利性(xing),大(da)幅提(ti)升(sheng)企業(ye)和(he)政(zheng)府數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)化轉(zhuan)(zhuan)型(xing)(xing)速(su)度和(he)能力(li)(li),縮短數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)化轉(zhuan)(zhuan)型(xing)(xing)周期。此外,也(ye)會充(chong)分(fen)發(fa)(fa)揮(hui)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)的(de)(de)基(ji)礎(chu)(chu)性(xing)戰略資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)作用(yong)(yong),為(wei)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)的(de)(de)統(tong)一對接、匯(hui)聚、處理、共享、開放、流通、交易、開發(fa)(fa)、應用(yong)(yong)等(deng)開辟出(chu)更大(da)空間(jian),健全(quan)(quan)(quan)由市(shi)場(chang)評(ping)(ping)價貢獻(xian)、按貢獻(xian)決定(ding)報酬(chou)的(de)(de)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)要(yao)素評(ping)(ping)價機制,推(tui)動(dong)(dong)構建以數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)為(wei)關鍵(jian)要(yao)素的(de)(de)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)經(jing)(jing)濟(ji)(ji)良性(xing)發(fa)(fa)展格局,助力(li)(li)實(shi)現經(jing)(jing)濟(ji)(ji)高(gao)質量發(fa)(fa)展。第二,在(zai)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)綠(lv)色高(gao)質量發(fa)(fa)展基(ji)礎(chu)(chu)上助力(li)(li)全(quan)(quan)(quan)行(xing)(xing)業(ye)實(shi)現節能降耗(hao)(hao)的(de)(de)戰略定(ding)位。按照現有(you)行(xing)(xing)業(ye)能耗(hao)(hao)指(zhi)標測算(suan)方法,數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)產(chan)業(ye)一直(zhi)被界(jie)定(ding)為(wei)高(gao)能耗(hao)(hao)產(chan)業(ye),并受(shou)到能耗(hao)(hao)指(zhi)標審批等(deng)方面(mian)(mian)的(de)(de)嚴格限(xian)制,甚至有(you)人稱其為(wei)“不冒(mao)煙的(de)(de)鋼廠”。然(ran)而,與(yu)鋼鐵等(deng)傳統(tong)行(xing)(xing)業(ye)相(xiang)比,數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)經(jing)(jing)濟(ji)(ji)的(de)(de)耗(hao)(hao)能產(chan)出(chu)結構具有(you)“二重疊(die)加”的(de)(de)特殊屬性(xing),即每“耗(hao)(hao)費(fei)”在(zai)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)上的(de)(de)一度電,其不僅(jin)僅(jin)是(shi)為(wei)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)運營企業(ye)貢獻(xian)了一定(ding)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)運營產(chan)值,同(tong)時(shi)也(ye)為(wei)運行(xing)(xing)在(zai)其上的(de)(de)各種云計算(suan)、大(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)、互聯網服(fu)務等(deng)應用(yong)(yong)類產(chan)業(ye)貢獻(xian)了大(da)量運營產(chan)值。因此,在(zai)加速(su)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)自(zi)身行(xing)(xing)業(ye)節能低(di)碳技術研發(fa)(fa)推(tui)廣、提(ti)升(sheng)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)能源(yuan)利用(yong)(yong)效率、推(tui)動(dong)(dong)老舊小散(san)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)向規(gui)模化數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)集群或智能化邊(bian)緣數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)轉(zhuan)(zhuan)型(xing)(xing)升(sheng)級基(ji)礎(chu)(chu)上,全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)一體(ti)化大(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)協同(tong)創(chuang)新(xin)體(ti)系能夠加快推(tui)動(dong)(dong)傳統(tong)產(chan)業(ye)結構轉(zhuan)(zhuan)型(xing)(xing),促使(shi)傳統(tong)高(gao)耗(hao)(hao)能產(chan)業(ye)與(yu)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)深度融合,促進全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)業(ye)鏈綠(lv)色低(di)碳有(you)序發(fa)(fa)展,助力(li)(li)國(guo)民經(jing)(jing)濟(ji)(ji)各行(xing)(xing)業(ye)整體(ti)實(shi)現“碳達峰、碳中(zhong)(zhong)和(he)”的(de)(de)輻射帶動(dong)(dong)作用(yong)(yong)。

(三)實現多(duo)方面(mian)銜(xian)接(jie)聯動、算力(li)數(shu)據(ju)融合發展、工程和政策協同創新“三個一(yi)體化”

第(di)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi),實(shi)(shi)現(xian)(xian)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)統(tong)籌(chou)考(kao)慮(lv)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中心、云服務、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)流(liu)通(tong)(tong)與(yu)治(zhi)理、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)應(ying)用(yong)(yong)、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)安(an)全(quan)等(deng)(deng)(deng)關鍵環(huan)節(jie),促進各(ge)(ge)方面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)、各(ge)(ge)層次、各(ge)(ge)環(huan)節(jie)之(zhi)間做好銜接(jie)聯動。全(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中心協(xie)同(tong)(tong)創(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)體(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)可以(yi)(yi)(yi)綜合(he)解決(jue)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)約(yue)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)經(jing)濟發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)臨的(de)(de)(de)能耗限制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)、用(yong)(yong)電成本(ben)、網絡時延、算(suan)(suan)力(li)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)、資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)共享、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)壁壘、應(ying)用(yong)(yong)融合(he)、產業安(an)全(quan)等(deng)(deng)(deng)多(duo)方面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)瓶頸性問題,以(yi)(yi)(yi)深化(hua)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)要素市場化(hua)配置(zhi)改(gai)(gai)革為核(he)心,優(you)(you)化(hua)全(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中心建設布局,推(tui)動算(suan)(suan)力(li)、算(suan)(suan)法、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)、應(ying)用(yong)(yong)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)集約(yue)化(hua)和(he)(he)(he)(he)服務化(hua)創(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin),通(tong)(tong)過(guo)(guo)(guo)“組合(he)拳”方式(shi)引(yin)(yin)領(ling)我(wo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)經(jing)濟高(gao)質量發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),助力(li)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)治(zhi)理體(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)和(he)(he)(he)(he)治(zhi)理能力(li)現(xian)(xian)代化(hua)。第(di)二,實(shi)(shi)現(xian)(xian)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)推(tui)動政(zheng)企(qi)(qi)算(suan)(suan)力(li)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)和(he)(he)(he)(he)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)融合(he)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),打造(zao)公(gong)共算(suan)(suan)力(li)服務和(he)(he)(he)(he)行(xing)業算(suan)(suan)力(li)服務,形成政(zheng)企(qi)(qi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)融合(he)的(de)(de)(de)標(biao)準規范和(he)(he)(he)(he)對接(jie)機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)。在(zai)算(suan)(suan)力(li)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)方面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian),一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)方面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)全(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中心協(xie)同(tong)(tong)創(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)體(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)可以(yi)(yi)(yi)支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)通(tong)(tong)過(guo)(guo)(guo)政(zheng)企(qi)(qi)合(he)作(zuo)模(mo)式(shi),面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)向(xiang)(xiang)政(zheng)府(fu)、企(qi)(qi)業和(he)(he)(he)(he)公(gong)眾(zhong)提(ti)供(gong)成本(ben)低廉、覆蓋(gai)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)廣(guang)、可靠安(an)全(quan)的(de)(de)(de)公(gong)共算(suan)(suan)力(li)服務;另一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)方面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)也支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)企(qi)(qi)業發(fa)(fa)(fa)揮(hui)市場化(hua)主體(ti)作(zuo)用(yong)(yong),打造(zao)更為專業的(de)(de)(de)行(xing)業算(suan)(suan)力(li)服務。在(zai)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)方面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian),支(zhi)(zhi)持(chi)圍繞(rao)政(zheng)企(qi)(qi)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)平臺化(hua)對接(jie)和(he)(he)(he)(he)跨(kua)地區(qu)、跨(kua)行(xing)業數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)融合(he)計算(suan)(suan)需求,通(tong)(tong)過(guo)(guo)(guo)多(duo)方安(an)全(quan)計算(suan)(suan)、聯邦學習、隱私計算(suan)(suan)、數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)沙箱等(deng)(deng)(deng)技(ji)(ji)術(shu)手段構(gou)建數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)可信流(liu)通(tong)(tong)環(huan)境(jing),推(tui)動實(shi)(shi)現(xian)(xian)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)“可用(yong)(yong)不可見(jian)”“可用(yong)(yong)不可擁”的(de)(de)(de)新(xin)型(xing)(xing)合(he)作(zuo)機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi),打造(zao)以(yi)(yi)(yi)“政(zheng)-政(zheng)”數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)共享、“政(zheng)-企(qi)(qi)”數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)開放(fang)、“企(qi)(qi)-企(qi)(qi)”數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)流(liu)通(tong)(tong)等(deng)(deng)(deng)為代表的(de)(de)(de)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)供(gong)應(ying)鏈,實(shi)(shi)現(xian)(xian)全(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)資(zi)(zi)源(yuan)(yuan)流(liu)通(tong)(tong)“一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)盤棋”局面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)。第(di)三(san),實(shi)(shi)現(xian)(xian)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)運用(yong)(yong)工(gong)程(cheng)牽(qian)引(yin)(yin)、政(zheng)策引(yin)(yin)導、規范制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)定、體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)改(gai)(gai)革、技(ji)(ji)術(shu)創(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)等(deng)(deng)(deng)多(duo)種(zhong)手段,以(yi)(yi)(yi)協(xie)同(tong)(tong)創(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)思維(wei)和(he)(he)(he)(he)方式(shi)解決(jue)大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)問題。全(quan)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)體(ti)化(hua)大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)中心協(xie)同(tong)(tong)創(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)體(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)不僅僅是(shi)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)個信息(xi)化(hua)工(gong)程(cheng)項目,而是(shi)期望通(tong)(tong)過(guo)(guo)(guo)對大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)管(guan)理體(ti)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)機制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)改(gai)(gai)革、產業布局優(you)(you)化(hua)、關鍵技(ji)(ji)術(shu)突(tu)破、安(an)全(quan)評(ping)估保障、標(biao)準體(ti)系(xi)(xi)(xi)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)定、應(ying)用(yong)(yong)協(xie)同(tong)(tong)創(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)等(deng)(deng)(deng)方面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)進行(xing)積極(ji)探索,著力(li)破除制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)約(yue)我(wo)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)政(zheng)策瓶頸,尊重產業和(he)(he)(he)(he)技(ji)(ji)術(shu)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)規律,營造(zao)適應(ying)大(da)(da)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)據(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)(ju)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)創(chuang)(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)生態(tai)。更多(duo)是(shi)從構(gou)建完(wan)善適應(ying)數(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字(zi)化(hua)生產力(li)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)新(xin)型(xing)(xing)生產關系(xi)(xi)(xi)的(de)(de)(de)高(gao)度,堅持(chi)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)向(xiang)(xiang)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)家(jia)(jia)重大(da)(da)需求、面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)向(xiang)(xiang)國(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民經(jing)濟發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)主戰場、面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)向(xiang)(xiang)新(xin)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)代信息(xi)技(ji)(ji)術(shu)發(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)前(qian)沿進行(xing)的(de)(de)(de)一(yi)(yi)(yi)(yi)次頂層設計。

六、總(zong)結與展望

隨(sui)著(zhu)5G時代加速到來(lai)(lai),全(quan)(quan)球數字(zi)經濟新(xin)型基礎設(she)(she)施建設(she)(she)格(ge)局正面臨深刻(ke)改(gai)變。因此(ci),全(quan)(quan)面提升跨區域數據中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)集(ji)(ji)群協(xie)同(tong)聯動水(shui)平,推動算(suan)力(li)、算(suan)法(fa)、數據、應用資源集(ji)(ji)約化(hua)和(he)(he)服務(wu)化(hua)創新(xin),加快(kuai)(kuai)建設(she)(she)全(quan)(quan)國(guo)一體化(hua)大數據中(zhong)(zhong)心(xin)具有重要戰略意義(yi)。未(wei)來(lai)(lai),在我國(guo)提出2030年“碳達峰(feng)”和(he)(he)2060年“碳中(zhong)(zhong)和(he)(he)”的(de)宏偉目(mu)標(biao)(biao)背景(jing)下,應堅定不移貫徹(che)落實新(xin)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)理(li)念和(he)(he)高(gao)(gao)質(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)要求,有序(xu)引導(dao)大數據行(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)走綠色高(gao)(gao)質(zhi)(zhi)量(liang)發(fa)(fa)展(zhan)道(dao)路,加快(kuai)(kuai)數字(zi)產業(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)和(he)(he)產業(ye)(ye)(ye)數字(zi)化(hua)進(jin)程,充分發(fa)(fa)揮大數據對傳統行(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)甚至全(quan)(quan)行(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de)效益倍(bei)增和(he)(he)節能(neng)降耗作(zuo)用,利用大數據助力(li)全(quan)(quan)行(xing)業(ye)(ye)(ye)加快(kuai)(kuai)實現碳達峰(feng)與(yu)碳中(zhong)(zhong)和(he)(he)目(mu)標(biao)(biao)。

(作者(zhe): 國家(jia)信息(xi)中心大數據發展部 易成岐(qi)、竇悅、陳東(dong)、郭明軍、王建冬,刊載于(yu)《電子政務》2021年第6期)


地方動態

2021第四屆(jie)中國(guo)信息技術(shu)主管大會在京隆重召(zhao)開

2021中國信息科技前沿大會在京圓滿召(zhao)開

2021軍工智(zhi)能制(zhi)造創新融合發展論壇(tan)在京隆重召(zhao)開

2020年度(第十一屆)保險信息(xi)化(hua)技術峰會成功召(zhao)開

  • 協會要聞
  • 通知公告
千亿体育